Twitter, Spotify and Reddit, and a huge swath of other websites were down or screwed up this morning. This was happening as hackers unleashed a large distributed denial of service (DDoS) attack on the servers of Dyn, a major DNS host. It’s probably safe to assume that the two situations are related.
Update 12:28 PM EST: Dyn says it is investigating yet another attack, causing the same massive outages experienced this morning. Based on emails from Gizmodo readers, this new wave of attacks seems to be affecting the West Coast of the United States and Europe. It’s so far unclear how the two attacks are related, but the outages are very similar.
In order to understand how one DDoS attack could take out so many websites, you have to understand how Domain Name Servers (DNS) work. Basically, they act as the Internet’s phone book and facilitate your request to go to a certain webpage and make sure you are taken to the right place. If the DNS provider that handles requests for Twitter is down, well, good luck getting to Twitter. Some websites are coming back for some users, but it doesn’t look like the problem is fully resolved.
Dyn posted this update on its website: “Starting at 11:10 UTC on October 21th-Friday 2016 we began monitoring and mitigating a DDoS attack against our Dyn Managed DNS infrastructure. Some customers may experience increased DNS query latency and delayed zone propagation during this time. Updates will be posted as information becomes available.”
Here’s a list of websites that readers have told us they are having trouble accessing:
Squarespace Customer Sites
Starbucks rewards/gift cards
Wix Customer Sites
New York Times
Elder Scrolls Online
Here’s an internet outage map from DownDetector as of 12:46 PM EST:
Here’s a gif that shows the internet outage at 9:00 AM EST versus 12:30 PM EST:
At the time of publication Dyn said that it was still dealing with the problem.
Update 9:05 AM EST: Judging by emails from readers, this problem seems to be getting worse.
Update 9:43 AM EST: Dyn says the issue has been resolved.
Update 12:19 PM EST: Dyn says the issue is resolved, but multiple readers are messaging me to say they’re still having trouble accessing websites.
Update 12:25pm EST: It’s happening again. (see above)
Ladies and gentlemen, here’s the system that will be replacing the Wii U (and possibly the 3DS) as Nintendo’s main console. Meet the Nintendo Switch. It will launch on March 2017.
Introducing Nintendo Switch! In addition to providing single and multiplayer thrills at home, the Nintendo Switch system also enables gamers to play the same title wherever, whenever and with whomever they choose. The mobility of a handheld is now added to the power of a home gaming system to enable unprecedented new video game play styles.
Rumors surrounding the NX have circulated the web for months now, with the prime one postulating that the NX would be some kind of handheld-console hybrid, perhaps with detachable controllers. Based on today’s three-minute reveal, it looks like those whispers were pretty much spot-on:
The system is designed to be played both at home and on-the-go. During the reveal trailer, we can see the Switch hooked up to a base station:
But the Switch is not limited to that. Nintendo explains how it works:
At home, Nintendo Switch rests in the Nintendo Switch Dock that connects the system to the TV and lets you play with family and friends in the comfort of your living room. By simply lifting Nintendo Switch from the dock, the system will instantly transition to portable mode, and the same great gaming experience that was being enjoyed at home now travels with you. The portability of Nintendo Switch is enhanced by its bright high-definition display. It brings the full home gaming system experience with you to the park, on an airplane, in a car, or to a friend’s apartment.
Gaming springs into action by removing detachable Joy-Con controllers from either side of Nintendo Switch. One player can use a Joy-Con controller in each hand; two players can each take one; or multiple Joy-Con can be employed by numerous people for a variety of gameplay options. They can easily click back into place or be slipped into a Joy-Con Grip accessory, mirroring a more traditional controller. Or, if preferred, the gamer can select an optional Nintendo Switch Pro Controller to use instead of the Joy-Con controllers. Furthermore, it is possible for numerous people to bring their Nintendo Switch systems together to enjoy local multiplayer face-to-face competition.
Here’s the main controller:
Here’s what the Joy-Con controllers look like:
The Switch uses cartridges:
The Switch even has a portable stand:
We already knew that that Nintendo plans on releasing a version of The Legend of Zelda: Breath of the Wild for the NX, and we saw some of that in action during the teaser trailer. The footage released today also featured games like Mario,Splatoon, Skyrim (!), an NBA game, and Mario Kart. It’s unclear if some of these are entirely new games, or ports with some new additions.
Nintendo also released a list of publishers we can expect to see games from down the line:
While Nintendo remains mum on the price and specs of the new console, we do know that NVIDIA will be powering the Switch:
Nintendo Switch is powered by the performance of the custom Tegra processor. The high-efficiency scalable processor includes an NVIDIA GPU based on the same architecture as the world’s top-performing GeForce gaming graphics cards.
The Nintendo Switch’s gaming experience is also supported by fully custom software, including a revamped physics engine, new libraries, advanced game tools and libraries. NVIDIA additionally created new gaming APIs to fully harness this performance. The newest API, NVN, was built specifically to bring lightweight, fast gaming to the masses.
Gameplay is further enhanced by hardware-accelerated video playback and custom software for audio effects and rendering.
The NX’s predecessor, the Wii U, was released in 2012. Like the Wii before it, the Wii U sought to provide an experience that focused on dual screens and classic Nintendo-brand fun rather than fancy tech.
Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump have repeatedly accused each other of lacking the fitness, temperament and qualifications, to be commander-in-chief. Clinton has said Trump isn’t someone “we can trust with nuclear weapons.” Trump has called Clinton “close to unhinged.” How much power does the president alone have to launch a nuclear strike? Bloomberg News asked Bruce G. Blair, a former Minuteman missile-launch officer and research scholar at Princeton University’s Program on Science and Global Security, to spell out the step-by-step procedure.
The president considers a nuclear strike
The commander-in-chief’s power is clear: He or she has sole authority to use nuclear weapons.
The top brass is brought in
Before initiating military action, the president convenes a conference with military and civilian advisers in Washington and around the world to talk through options. In the White House, the call takes place in the Situation Room. If traveling, the president is patched in on a secure line. A key participant in the meeting: the Pentagon’s deputy director of operations, an officer in charge of the National Military Command Center, also known as the “war room.” This around-the-clock operations center is responsible for preparing and ultimately transmitting a launch order from the president. The head of all U.S. strategic nuclear forces at Strategic Command in Omaha would probably also be asked for a briefing on strike options.
[Time elapsed: less than one minute]
The consultation lasts as long as the president wishes, but if enemy missiles are heading toward the U.S. and the president must order a counterstrike, the consultation may last just 30 seconds. The tight time line raises the risk of launching hastily on a false warning.
The president decides to launch
Some advisers may try to change the president’s mind or resign in protest—but ultimately, the Pentagon must comply with the commander-in-chief’s order.
The order is verified
The senior officer in the Pentagon war room must formally authenticate that the person ordering the strike is indeed the president. The officer reads a “challenge code,” often two phonetic letters from the military alphabet, such as “Delta-Echo.” The president retrieves the “biscuit,” a laminated card the president or military aide carries at all times, and finds the matching response to the challenge code: “Charlie-Zulu,” for instance.
The order goes out
The war room prepares the launch order, a message that contains the chosen war plan, time to launch, authentication codes and codes needed to unlock the missiles before firing them. The encoded and encrypted message is only about 150 characters long, about the length of a tweet. It is broadcast to each worldwide command and directly to launch crews.
[Time elapsed: two or three minutes]
The submarine and ICBM crews receive the message within seconds of the broadcast. Just a few minutes have passed since the initial conference call.
Launch crews take over
Launch message in hand, the crews open locked safes to obtain sealed-authentication system (SAS) codes prepared by the National Security Agency and distributed throughout the military’s nuclear chain of command. They compare the SAS codes in the launch order with those in their safes.
If the missiles are launched from a submarine:
The captain, executive officer and two others authenticate the order. The launch message provides the combination to an on-board safe holding the “fire-control” key needed to deploy the missiles. Missiles are ready for launch about 15 minutes after receiving the order.
If the missiles are launched from land:
Five launch crews in various underground centers control a squadron of 50 missiles. Each crew consists of two officers. The individual teams are spread miles apart. Each receives the orders, opens safes and compares their SAS codes to those sent by the war room. If they match, the crews enter the message’s war plan number into their launch computers to re-target missiles from their peacetime targets in the ocean to their new targets. Using additional codes in the message, the crews enter a few more keystrokes to unlock the missiles before turning launch keys retrieved from their safe. At the designated launch time, the five crews turn their keys simultaneously, sending five “votes” to the missiles.
Mutiny is unlikely
It takes just two “votes” to launch the missiles. So even if three two-officer ICBM crews refuse to carry out the order, it won’t stop the launch.
Missiles are launched
About five minutes may elapse from the president’s decision until intercontinental ballistic missiles blast out of their silos, and about fifteen minutes until submarine missiles shoot out of their tubes. Once fired, the missiles and their warheads cannot be called back.
Bruce G. Blair is a research scholar at the Program on Science and Global Security at Princeton University and a co-founder of Global Zero.
See the original article here https://www.bloomberg.com/politics/graphics/2016-nuclear-weapon-launch/
Having issues with your WiFi disappearing even after you would reboot? No WiFi existence anywhere just a Red Cross on the toolbar in right hand corner? It probably worked fine out of the box. Windows 10 downloads updates. WiFi gone. No hope. Dont wasted time in device manager.
This is a known issue from Microsoft and Windows 10, the reason for this behavior is an incompatibility between the Win8.1 drivers and Win10. The best approach and the one we recommend is re-installing the drivers again, you can find it here:
The strigoi are evolving; Eph’s bio weapon is failing; he tries to work through the emotional fallout of his son’s abduction; Fet helps a Navy SEAL team in a deadly mission; Setrakian and Quinlan try to crack the Lumen’s deepest secrets.
The Byte Plus will officially release September 1, 2016. The mini PC will retail at $170 and is available for pre-order . Call today 786-317-2420
The Byte Plus is the latest in the Azulle line of mini PCs. Created for today’s multipurpose/multi-tasking lifestyle, Azulle powers the Byte Plus with a 64-bit Quad-Core Intel Atom CherryTrail processor. Connect the Byte Plus to any TV or monitor with an HDMI or VGA port and stream Netflix, YouTube or Amazon Prime. Use Microsoft Office to complete any tasks for business or school, whatever the task, the Byte Plus is up for the challenge!
Meet the Byte Plus Azulle continues its mission to replace the clunky desktop towers as it launches the Byte Plus, the latest in the Azulle line of mini PCs. Azulle’s Byte Plus comes preloaded with the full version of Windows® 10.
Plug and Play
Azulle keeps it fun and easy as you simply plug the device into any HDMI or VGA enabled TV, monitor or projector and stream 1080P videos. Stream your favorite shows through Netflix, YouTube or Amazon Prime. Use Microsoft Office to complete any tasks for business or school, whatever the task, the Byte Plus is up for the challenge!
All New Redesign
With a curvaceous and stylish exterior, the Byte Plus enhances the user experience with a multipurpose design with various ports and a 64-bit Quad-Core Intel Atom CherryTrail processor.
See the Unicode Math Chart for additional codes for math symbols. Note that they only work in Microsoft Office and that you should use the non-Hex code. For instance an entry ∛ for the cube root symbol (∛) would corrspond to ALT+8731 in Word.
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These incude copyright symbols and special section marks.
Windows assigns a numeric code to different accented letters, other foreign characters and special mathematical symbols. For instance the code for lower case á is 0225, and the code for capital Á is 0193. The ALT key input is used to manually insert these letters and symbols by calling the numeric code assigned to them.
To use the codes:
Place your cursor in the location where you wish to insert a special character.
Activate the numeric key pad on the right of the keyboard by pressing Num Lock (upper right of keyboard). The Num Lock light on the keyboard will indicate that the numeric key pad is on.
NOTE: You must use the numeric key pad; if you use the number keys on the top of the keyboard, the characters will not appear. If you are on a laptop or computer without a separate numeric keypad one of the other methods is recommended.
While pressing down the ALT key, type the four-digit code on the numeric key pad at the right edge of the keyboard. The codes are “case sensitive.” For instance, the code for lower-case á is ALT+0225, but capital Á is ALT+0193.
NOTE: If you have the International keyboard activated, you will only be able to input codes with the ALT key on the left side of the keyboard.
Release the ALT key. The character will appear when the ALT key is released.
NOTE: You must include the initial zero in the code. For example to insert á(0225) you must type ALT+0225, NOT ALT+225.
If you have allready upgraded you G-box Q dont worry about trying this. If this is to hard for you or you dont understand please give us a call and we will do our best to help you out.
Many have been asking where to find links to download the listed firmware
I am linking a folder to my drop box for easy access
The firmware’s are all configured in the .aml file to be loaded from an SD card so if you are going to try and load Via USB you must change the aml file from =/sdcard/ TO =/udisk/ using any text editor (notepad in windows works fine)
Also in order to roll back from the latest firmware I found it easier, I use that term loosely. But it will save you headaches and time in the long run,
to install 1.3 and work your way up from there.
after you install 1.3 and wish to go to 1.3.1, all you need is the zip file for 1.3.1 on your sd card or usb stick. Or you may begin the firmware reflash by installing only the files minus the 1.3.1 zip. Once that’s complete , install 1.3.1 zip to finalize the update,the 1.3.1 zip removes unneeded files,patches system files,installs boot and recovery img,new recovery and other misc permissions. After that go as far up as you like.
IMPORTANT: IF YOU INCLUDE ALL THE FILES FROM THE 1.3.1 FOLDER IN MY DROPBOX THE SYSTEM WILL GO DIRECTLY TO THE RECOVERY SCREEN AND NOT PERFORM THE REFLASH. YOU MUST INSTALL ONLY THE .INI,.IMG,.BIN FILES.AFTER THAT COMPLETES YOU CAN THEN INSTALL THE 1.3.1 ZIP FILE AND BOOT IN TO RECOVERY AND SELECT INSTALL FROM EXT AND CHOOSE THE 1.3.1 ZIP.
ALSO AFTER YOU DOWNGRADE,YOU ARE GOING TO WANT TO GO INTO YOUR ROUTERS ACCESS CONTROL AND BLOCK MATRISERVER.COM or 184.108.40.206 TO STOP THE FORCED UPDATES